The People


March 07, 2005

List of participants - Update

Less than one week until the event, and we are up to 110 participants who have confirmed their presence in the Atocha Workshop on Friday the 11th. The following is an updated list of attending participants:

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Yael Danieli:

One-Question Interview


Dr. Yael Danieli is a clinical psychologist and traumatologist in private practice in New York City. She is also the co-founder and Director of the Group Project for Holocaust Survivors and their Children; Founding President, International Network for Holocaust and Genocide Survivors and their Friends; and Co-founder, past-President, Senior United Nations Representative, International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS).

Dr. Danieli integrates treatment, worldwide study, teaching/training, publishing, expert advocacy, and consulting to numerous governments, news, international and national organizations and institutions on victims rights and optimal care, including for their protectors and providers. Most recently she received the ISTSS Lifetime Achievement Award. Her books include International responses to traumatic stress...; The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Fifty years and beyond; Sharing the front line and the back hills (Baywood) all published for and on behalf of the United Nations; International handbook of multigenerational legacies of trauma (Kluwer/ Plenum) and The trauma of terrorism: An international Handbook of sharing knowledge and shared care and the upcoming On the ground after September 11: Mental Health Responses and Practical Knowledge Gained (Haworth Press).

Q: What policy should we put in place to help the victims of terrorism and their families, and how would that policy differ from the treatment of (for instance) victims of natural catastrophes or car accident sufferers?

A: The international community must regularly assert its commitment to help victims of terrorism and their families; to combat impunity and adopt provisions under law for justice and redress, acknowledging the victims’ suffering, and securing restitution, compensation, and rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition for them. This should be done on the individual, societal, national and international dimensions.

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João Clemente Baena Soares


Brazilian UN Ambassador João Clemente Baena Soares has served as Secretary-General of the Organization of American States (OAS) and General Secretary of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil.

Prior to his tenure at the OAS, Mr. Baena Soares served for 31 years in the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations. He currently sits on the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change at the UN.

He was born in Belem do Pará on May 14, 1931 and has a broad educational background in politics and law. João Clemente Baena Soares is married and has three sons. He has received awards from countries worldwide for his contributions to International Relations.

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Mona Makram-Ebeid


Mona Makram-Ebeid is a Professor of Political Science and Political Sociology at the American University of Cairo, and the President and founder of the Association for the Advancement of Education. From 1990 to 1995 she was a Member of Parliament in the People's Assembly of Egypt.

She studied at Cairo University in Egypt, the American University in Cairo and Harvard University, Massachusetts in the USA. She has also ben an adviser to the World Bank for the Middle East and North Africa Region. As a consultant she works with the International Consultative Group for the Middle East Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington with Search for Common Ground, Initiative for Peace and Cooperation in the Middle East, Washington DC. She is a founding member of the Arab Organization for Human Rights; Egyptian Council for Foreign Relations. She also serves on the board of several policy groups, such as the Arab Though Forum, Jordan, and is a member of the Club of Rome, the UN Committee for Policy Development, the UNDP and the Foreign Relations Committee of The National Council for Women. She is also the author of numerous publications and the recipient of numerous awards including the 1998 International Hall of Fame Award.

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March 04, 2005

Chris Goggans;

One-Question Interview

Chris Goggans is an internationally recognized expert on information security with over a dozen years experience in network and information security. He has performed network security assessments for some of the world's largest corporations, including all facets of critical infrastructure, with work spanning 22 countries across four continents. Mr. Goggans has worked with US Federal law enforcement agencies on some of America's most notorious computer crime cases. His work has been referenced in publications such as Time, Newsweek and Computerworld, and televised on networks such as CNN and CNBC.

Mr. Goggans is a frequent lecturer on computer security and has held training seminars in nine countries for clients such as NATO, the United States Department of Defense, Federal Law Enforcement agencies as well as numerous corporate entities. He been asked to present at major conferences as COMDEX, CSI, ISACA, INFOWARCON, and The Black Hat Briefings. Mr. Goggans has also co-authored numerous books including "Implementing Internet Security," "Internet Security Professional Reference," and "The Complete Internet Business Toolkit."

During the Summer of 2003, Mr. Goggans was invited to become an Associate Professor at the University of Tokyo's Center for Collaborative Research.

Currently, Chris is President of SDI, Inc., a Virginia-based corporation providing information security consulting.

Q:: We have seen many urban myths of the internet, such as the email that infects your computer with a virus just by opening it, that have stopped being a myth and implemented by collaboration of lazy and careless system architects and curious and malicious crackers. The same happened with the "technologically gifted criminal", another myth that has now become true in the figure of spammer-zombie coders and security experts for illegal casinos. Do you think this other urban myth, the "evil terrorist hacker", is now becoming a real threat? To what point is that presumed threat just a figurehead to use in the war for control over our civil liberties in cyberspace?

A: In my opinion, neither of these were "myths," nor did they "become true." They have been true all along, only people's perceptions of the reality of existing threats has changed. For example: It has been possible to automatically execute code by viewing mail in Lotus Notes by design using Lotusscript from its inception. Similarly, buffer overflows and/or embedded scripting in mail clients such as Outlook and Eudora have made it possible to likewise execute code under similar circumstances.

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Joichi Ito:

One-question interview


Joichi Ito is Vice President of international and mobility for Technorati which indexes and monitors blogs and the Chairman of Six Apart Japan, the weblog software company. He is on the board of Creative Commons, a non-profit organization which proposes a middle way to rights management, rather than the extremes of the pure public domain or the reservation of all rights. He is a board member of Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). He has created numerous Internet companies including PSINet Japan, Digital Garage and Infoseek Japan. In 1997 Time Magazine ranked him as a member of the CyberElite. In 2000 he was ranked among the "50 Stars of Asia" by Business Week and commended by the Japanese Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications for supporting the advancement of IT. In 2001 the World Economic Forum chose him as one of the 100 "Global Leaders of Tomorrow" for 2002. He has served and continues to serve on numerous Japanese central as well as local government committees and boards, advising the government on IT, privacy and computer security related issues. He is currently researching "The Sharing Economy" as a Doctor of Business Administration candidate at the Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy at Hitotsubashi University in Japan. He maintains a weblog at where he regularly shares his thoughts with the online community.

Q: How do you think social software and online communities could be used to foster intercultural understanding? Is the idea of a global village where we all live in peace a pipe-dream, or is it something reasonably achievable? Can the Internet help us get there?

A: A great deal of the world problems represent a breakdown in democracy due to globalization. The increase in speed, complexity and scale of geo-politics and economy together with the juxapositioning of extreme diversity has caused many countries to amplify the political extremes, aggregate power and veil their actions in secrecy as a response. The media has shifted from the voice of the citizens back in the days of Thomas Paine to media corporations more focused on the bottom line than on supporting a deliberative democracy.

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Irune Aguirrezabal:

One-question Interview


Born in Bilbao, Spain, Irune Aguirrezabal Quijera is the European Coordinator of the NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court in Brussels. This organisation is a network of over 2,000 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) advocating for a fair, effective and independent International Criminal Court

Before joining the Coalition she worked as Representative to the European Union for a Spanish Humanitarian and Development NGO (1997-99) and was Secretary General of a European Association involved in multicultural understanding between West/East Europe (1991-93). She has also worked as an independent expert for the European Commission and the International Criminal Court. She is currently involved in the Madrid Conference on terrorism, democracy and security as a member of the experts working group on legal responses to terrorism.

Q: Irune, what the role of such a Court in matters of terrorism? The ICC is widely seen among the public as an oversight court that acts as a check for Countries' powers. Could it be the venue in which to judge matters of State Sponsored Terrorism? What would be the major impediments to doing that?

A: First of all, it is important to recall that it is the duty of every State to exercise its criminal jurisdiction over those responsible for international crimes. The International Criminal Court, established under the Rome Statute, appears as a means of last resort in the determination of States Parties to put an end to impunity, thus, it shall be complementary to national criminal jurisdictions.

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March 03, 2005

Chris Stout


Dr. Chris E. Stout is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist and Clinical Professor at the University of Illinois College of Medicine’s Department of Psychiatry and a Core Faculty at the International Center on Responses to Catastrophes at the University. He is Founding Director of the Center for Global Initiatives. The American Psychological Association honored him with their International Humanitarian Award in 2004.

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Jerrold Post


Dr. Jerrold Post is a Professor of Psychiatry, Political Psychology and International Affairs and Director of the Political Psychology Program at Elliot School of International Affairs at The George Washington University.

Dr. Post has devoted his entire career to the field of political psychology. He arrived at George Washington University after a 21 year career with the Central Intelligence Agency where he founded and directed the Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior, an interdisciplinary behavioral science unit which provided assessments of foreign leadership and decision making for the President and other senior officials to prepare for Summit meetings and other high level negotiations and for use in crisis situations. He played the lead role in developing the "Camp David profiles" of Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat for President Jimmy Carter and initiated the U.S. government program in understanding the psychology of terrorism. In recognition of his leadership of the Center, Dr. Post was awarded the Intelligence Medal of Merit in 1979, and received the Studies in Intelligence Award in 1980. He received the Nevitt Sanford Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Political Psychology in 2002, and the Jean Knutson Award for Distinguished Service to the International Society of Political Psychology in 2004.

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March 01, 2005

Brian Glyn Williams:

One-Question Interview

Brian Glyn Williams Photo

Brian Glyn Williams is an Assistant Professor of Islamic Civilization at University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Prior to that he lectured in Middle Eastern-Balkan History at the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London.

His research interests are: the conflict in Contemporary Islamic Eurasia (Chechnya, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Macedonia); Nationalism and Identity in the Caucasus/Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan); Ottoman History (with emphasis on nationalism in the Balkans); and transnational jihadi Militant Movements and Al Qaeda terrorism.

His book The Crimean Tatars: The Diaspora Experience and the Forging of a Nation was published by Brill in 2001.

A: How can Western democracies validly criticize the responses of Putin to Islamic terrorism while at the same time invade Iraq? How is Iraq different from Chechnia?

A: While the Bush administration once criticized the Russian Federation for crimes against humanity in Chechnya (such as the widespread use of torture at the dreaded Chernokozovo 'filtration camp') such criticism might now seem sanctimonious in light of the US abuses at the notorious Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. And there is some validity to the accusation that the US and Coalition governments involved in 'Operation Iraqi Freedom' have lost some of their moral high ground as a result of such crimes against humanity. This is a most unfortunate development in light of the West's historic role as a defender of human rights around the globe.

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Rico Carisch:

One-question Interview

Rico Carisch Photo

Rico Carisch is a frequent financial consultant and member of UN Panels of Experts, Journalist, and analyst specialized in compliance responses and security risks involving corporate networks, political power structures and rogue enterprises (criminal and terrorist)

Q: How can we tell a terrorist organization from a merely criminal one? Where are the boundaries, and how does the criminal activity of a terrorist band differ from the purely "businesslike" and non-political activities of a merely criminal entreprise?

A: The basic differences between criminal and terrorist organizations is that for criminals, illicit acts are the means to the goal – which is wealth. For terrorists, the illicit act is the goal – the exploding bomb which causes destruction. Criminals are satisfied with accumulating and maximizing material gains whereas for terrorists material interests are only enablers of their violent pursuits.

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Rosalía Lloret:

One-Question Interview

Rosalía Lloret Photo

Rosalía Lloret was cofounder of the internet portal network, main responsible for Contents and Services at the company and member of the International Product Marketing Executive Board at T-Online International, mother company of Previously, she was part of the small team at Telefónica SRC hired to design and develop, the new portal for the company. Before her incorporation to Telefónica, Rosalia was staffwriter for Internet and Telecommunications at the business daily Cinco Días (Prisa Group). She has a degree in Journalism by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), is MA in International Relations by the Fundación Ortega y Gasset (UCM) and also MSc in Journalism by El País (UAM). She is currently completing postgraduate studies in Global Politics at the London School of Economics.

Q: Some feel that the current War on Terror is exactly an example of what the terrorists want: more excuses for their inexcusable actions, and a curtailing of civil liberties in democratic countries. Could you explain that paradox?

A: Just as the Nazi party used democracy precisely to destroy democracy, the new radical Islamic terrorism is making use of the very means of globalization to wipe out globalization. Television, the Internet, the instant transfers of capital and the easy travel are the main allies of this new terrorism, which is articulated as a network, gets funds from diasporas’ remittances and very cleverly exploits the broad media coverage by TV and Internet.

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Daniel Lubetzky:

One-question Interview

lubetzky.jpg Daniel Lubetzky is the Chairman of the PeaceWorks Foundation, which conceived and guides the OneVoice Movement, empowering ordinary Israeli and Palestinian citizens to wrestle the agenda for conflict resolution away from violent extremists.

Born and raised in Mexico City, Mr. Lubetzky studied abroad in France and Israel and received his B.A. in Economics and International Relations, magna cum laude, from Trinity University, and his J.D. from Stanford Law School. Fluent in Spanish, English, Hebrew and French, Mr. Lubetzky has lectured at Harvard, The Fletcher School, and The University of Pennsylvania/Wharton, as well as at the World Economic Forum, the World Bank, and the United Nations.

In 1997 he was selected by the World Economic Forum as one of 100 Global Leaders for Tomorrow (GLT). In 2004 he received on behalf of the PeaceWorks Foundation the World Association of NGOs Peace Security and Reconciliation Award. He is Chairman, Founder and President of PeaceWorks Holdings LLC which is a business corporation pursuing both peace and profit through joint ventures among neighbors striving to coexist in conflict regions (with ventures in the Mideast and South East Asia and a sales network reaching 5,000 customers in the US).

Q: Unfortunately, black-and-white, push-button issues are much easier to explain and to adscribe to than reasoned. subtle ones. How can non-extremists, who do not set public policy and do not dominate the public debate, put their views forward to the public? What has been your experience in that respect in Israel and other regions of conflict?

A: The challenge is to conceive innovative and compelling actions, events or initiatives that force people to re-consider ingrained but incorrect notions. The challenge is compounded because you need to generate media coverage if you are to reach broad numbers of citizens, yet you do not want to resort to actions that would position you as being on the fringe. By its nature the media seeks the unusual and newsworthy, and it is easier for the media to think that blood and violence is newsworthy, or that some radical fringe action is so.

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David Wright-Neville:

One-question Interview


Dr. David Wright-Neville has worked as a senior intelligence analyst for the Australian government. He is also consulted widely by Australian and foreign government agencies on terrorism-related issues. His current research focuses on both the relationship between globalisation and political violence, especially in Southeast Asia and the Indian sub-continent. Related areas of research interest include the political psychology of violence, Western and non-Western counter-terrorism policies, and the role of intelligence in countering terrorism. He also lectures on terrorism, violence and identity at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.

His most recent publication is an edited book with Marika Vicziany and Pete Lentini entitled Regional Security in the Asia Pacific. 9/11 and After (Edward Elgar, 2004).

Q: To which extent are a country's terrorist activity and its economic poverty a cause or and effect of each other? How does globalisation fit in such a cycle, can it break it, or will it provide more sparks to ignite the mix?

A: The nexus between poverty and terrorism is not clear cut. My own reserch on terrorist groups in South and East Asia suggests that poverty is an important component in the radicalization of individuals and groups, but mostly through its symbolic role as an indicator of a deeper set of systemic inequities. In Indonesia for example, groups such as the Jemaah Islamiyah use poverty as the clearest example of a global system dominated by the West (especially the US) enriches the few at the material and cultural expense of the majority. In this way poverty merges with other deprivations - such as the denial of social opportunity and of political and cultural rights - to create a milieu within which radical agendas can take root.

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David de Ugarte:

One-Question Interview


David de Ugarte. Economist and Chief Analyst at -a
Spanish thinktank on Social Networks- and -its
international branch dedicated to social networks and public information analysis.

Well known blogger, he wrote the widely read book on 3/11 attacks (11M redes para ganar una guerra Editorial Icaria, Barcelona, 2004 - free copylefted pdf at and Analysing Social Networks (soon in Spanish and English).

Q: What can the social networks, virtual communities and the conflict resoulution mechanisms of the Net Society teach us about how to deal with real-life conflicts such as terrorism?

A: Social Network Analysis has changed completely our approach.

Traditional antiterrorist strategies were based in "counterinsurgence" doctrine. The main idea was to isolate insurgents from their social enviroment. In the real world, away from for-your-eyes-only report, it meant legal and practical restrictions of civil rights. Now we can show how it has become counterproductive.

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Mario Betencourt Resendes

resendes.jpgMario Bettencourt Resendes is the Publisher of Diário de Noticias in Portugal.

He begun his professional activity in “Diário de Notícias” in February 1975, with a complementary training in Paris; invited, in April 1975, to take part in the team that founded “Jornal Novo” where worked, at the beginning, in the Business Section and later in the National Politics Section; invited, in April 1976, to integrate the team that founded the weekly publication “Opção”; appointed chief of the Editorial Office of “Opção” in June; invited, in November 1976, to work in “Diário de Notícias” in the National Politics Section; in charge of the supplement “Analysis” of “Diário de Notícias” since 1979 until the end of its publication; since February 1980 editor of the National Politics, Economy and Labour Section of “DN”; Deputy-Editor of “DN” since April 1986; Nominated Editor-in-Chief of “Diário de Notícias” in March 6, 1992, till February 2004; Publisher of Lusomundo Media (daily papers, radio, magazines, etc) since November 2003; Vice president of the Board of Lusomundo Media since September 2004.

Ignacio Sotelo


Ignacio Sotelo is a Professor of Political Science at Berlin Free University, where he has taught for almost 30 years. He is also a member of the European Academy of Arts and Sciences and the author of 13 books and more than 200 academic papers.

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Christopher Dickey


Christopher Dickey, Newsweek's award-winning Paris bureau chief and Middle East editor, reports regularly from Baghdad, Cairo, and Jerusalem, and writes the weekly "Shadowland" column -- an inside look at the world of spies and soldiers, guerrillas and suicide bombers -- for Newsweek Online. He is the author of Summer of Deliverance, Expats, With the Contras, and the novel Innocent Blood.

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John Gage


A well known thought leader, John Gage is the Chief Researcher for Sun Microsystems, an international information technology company based in California. He was one of the founders of Sun, in 1982, when a group of students and professors from Stanford and the University of California, Berkeley joined to create open systems in hardware and software. He serves on the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security, the Board of Advisors of the United States Institute of Peace, the National Academy of Sciences, and the International Advisory Board of the Malaysian Multimedia Corridor.

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Shimon T. Samuels


Dr. Shimon T. Samuels is the Director for International Liaison of the Simon Wiesenthal Center. He was born in England in 1945. B.A. in Political Science and History from Hebrew University of Jerusalem; M.Sc. (Econ.) in International Relations from London School of Economics, combined University of Pennsylvania/Paris Sorbonne doctoral program in Latin American Studies; diploma in Holocaust Studies from Yad Vashem in Jerusalem.

As the Director for International Liaison of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre, he is based in Paris and responsible for issues of contemporary racism and anti-Semitism in Europe, Latin America and international organizations, including the United Nations, UNESCO, OSCE and the Council of Europe Formerly, Jerusalem representative of the American Jewish Committee and European Director of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith.

Samuels has been a lecturer on international politics at the Colegio de Mexico, Sophia University in Tokyo, Pennsylvania Military College and Bar-Ilan University in Israel. He has been a researcher at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia and was Deputy-Director of the Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations in Jerusalem. He has reported as a journalist throughout Latin America and Eastern Europe and has published some two hundred articles on combating racism and prejudice, with special reference to anti-Semitism. Who's Who in World Jewry notes that when asked of what personal experience he was most proud, Samuels responded: "to have been the first Jew ever invited to lecture at an Arab University. It was Cairo and the subject was 'Prospects for Peace in the Middle East', two years before the Egypt-Israel treaty became a reality".

He is Honorary President of the Europe-Israel Forum. He has been involved, among other issues, in containing resurgent anti-Semitism in Europe and the former Soviet Union, restitution claims against banks and insurance companies, Vatican diplomacy and countering NGO incitement in international for. He is the author of a chapter on "Applying the Lessons of the Holocaust" in the book Is the Holocaust Unique?, edited by Alan Rosenbaum, published in 2000.

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Stevan Weine


Dr. Stevan Weine is the Director of the International Center on Responses to Catastrophes at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

His scholarly work focuses on familial, cultural, and historical dimensions of political violence. He is a National Institute of Mental Health Career Scientist and author of the books When History is a Nightmare (1999) and Testimony after Catastrophe (2005).

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Robert K. Goldman

Robert K. Goldman is a Professor of Law, a Louis C. James Scholar and the Co-Director of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the American University, Washington College of Law in Washington D.C.

Mark Beissinger


Mark R. Beissinger is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is currently on leave at the School of Social Science of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. His main fields of interest are nationalism, state-building, imperialism, and social movements, with special reference to the Soviet Union and the post-Soviet states.

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The Workshop

On March 11th 2005 the Atocha Workshop on Global Terrorism, hosted by the Safe Democracy Foundation, will create a repository of original thinking on Global Terrorism that will continue to be fed weekly in the form of a weblog by creative thinkers on the subject from around the world.

The launching event will take place at the Atocha Train Station on March 11th, 2005 at the restaurant Samarkanda. Here, in in an atmosphere that will encourage creative thinking, around 200 people will participate as policy proponents, webloggers or as public; all will be engaged in the discussion of the proposed policies.
Workshop Program and Agenda >>

The People

The Workshop will bring together journalists, politicians, activists and scholars in the fields of democratic advocacy and terrorism analysis (see full list). We are introducing them by means of One Question Interviews. Anyone can register to the Workshop and participate by asking them further questions, challenging their assumptions or proposing their own alternative ideas.

The Proposals

The general criteria for published ideas in the Atocha Workshop Weblog are that they be original, creative, potentially executable and most important that their implementation would likely lead to a more democratic world. The basic concept of the Worshop is that in politics, as in biology, diversity is needed to fight a threat. Political leaders, when confronted with the problem of global terrorism need a menu of possible responses. From the proceeds of the discussion on the weblog plus the physical event we will offer a series of Policy Proposals.
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The Topics

During the Creative Debates we will be working towards making Policy Proposals from the 12 topics that we have selected. These topics are only starting points.

The Atocha Workshop is sponsored by the Safe Democracy Foundation. (Formerly the Varsavsky Foundation)

With the support of

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